Understanding ebola virus, the symptoms and how to prevent by fandhybp december 27, 2016 ebola is a disease that has no cure, you have to know to know this disease that does not happen in your life. Although outbreaks of the ebola virus hemorrhagic fever in africa have occurred sporadically over the years, the latest is the largest to date in the past, each outbreak was quickly controlled. Pathogenesis the ebola virus enters the human chain through close contact with the bodily fluids of primates and other animals, including chimpanzees, gorillas, fruit bats, monkeys, forest.
Ebola virus disease (evd) was first medically recorded in 1976 when the virus emerged in what is now the democratic republic of congo the identification of this new disease, which presented similarly to that of marburg disease, led to the recognition of viral hemorrhagic fevers (vhf) as a nosological entity. Understanding ebola virus disease this project will develop and disseminate an online educational resource called understanding ebola virus disease (uevd) the objective is to provide users with an interactive learning experience that helps them acquire a basic understanding of factors that influence infection, transmission, and management of. Ebola home causes of ebola causes of ebola the ebola virus is the primary cause of ebola there are four identified subtypes, and all but one are known to have caused disease in humans understanding the ebola virus the exact origin, locations, and natural habitat (known as the natural reservoir) of ebola virus remain unknown. Ebola hemorrhagic fever (ebola virus disease) is a disease caused by four different strains of ebola virus these viruses infect humans and nonhuman primatescompared to most illnesses, ebola hemorrhagic fever has a relatively short history health care professionals discovered ebola in 1976.
Ebola virus has caused the majority of human deaths from evd, and is the cause of the 2013–2015 ebola virus epidemic in west africa, which resulted in at least 28,616 suspected cases and 11,310 confirmed deaths. Abstract: an unprecedented number of ebola virus infections among healthcare workers and patients have raised questions about our understanding of ebola virus transmission here, we explore different routes of ebola virus transmission between people, summarizing the known epidemiological and experimental data. Am ebola virus disease used to be referred to as ebola hemorrhagic fever, but this was a misnomer because bleeding has never been a universal feature of the illness in the first descriptions of ebola in 1976 in the democratic republic of the congo and sudan—which was published in the bulletin of the world health organization in 1978 —up to. According to the center for disease control, the 2014 ebola epidemic is the largest in history get a deeper understanding of the deadly disease from these programs and news articles from pbs.
Introduction ebola virus disease (formerly known as ebola hemorrhagic fever) is caused by the ebola virus  the genus ebolavirus, along with marburgvirus and cuevavirus, is a member of the. There is still much to do to understand the transmission dynamics of ebola virus, but the discovery of bombali virus in bats is an important step in the right direction source: university of. The technical meeting on understanding ebola virus at the animal-human inter- face was convened by the food and agriculture organization of the united nations (fao) to determine the current status of the scienti˜c knowledge on ebola viruses. More about the ebola outbreak and a history on the virus it was first discovered in 1976 in what is now the democratic republic of congo the virus takes its name from the ebola river in zaire.
Ebola virus disease (evd) is a severe, often fatal illness that affects humans and other primates such as gorillas, chimpanzees, and monkeys evd is transmitted by wild animal-to-human and human-to-human infection while the origin is unknown, fruit bats are believed to be the most likely host. This was the first outbreak of ebola in west africa, and the most significant ebola epidemic that has occurred worldwide since the virus was first described here, we review the current understanding of biology and genetics of the virus, the past and current epidemiology, and the public health response to the 2014–15 ebola outbreak. Dr rishi desai is a pediatric infectious disease physician and former epidemiologist with the centers for disease control and prevention (cdc. In past outbreaks of ebola virus disease and the related marburg haemorrhagic fever, cases were concentrated in a small number of geographical foci, which simplified logistical demands under such circumstances, the principal responders, who, msf, and the us cdc, could flood affected areas with staff and materials, hunt the virus down, and.
Ebola virus is a zoonotic disease, meaning it passes from animals to people as with the respiratory diseases sars and mers and the hendra virus, bats have been identified as the reservoir host four of the five subtypes of ebola virus occur in an animal host which is native to africa. Ebola is a serious illness caused by the ebola virus ebola symptoms include fever, severe headache, muscle pain, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach pain, and/or unexplained bleeding or bruising symptoms may appear anywhere from 2 to 21 days after exposure, although 8 to 10 days is most common.
The ebola virus was originally locates in africa in the united states there were only 4 cases found and 1 death reported liberia has the most recorded death rate @ 4,809. By understanding how ebola virus hijacks and infects human cells, university researchers are paving a path to potential new therapies virologists john connor and michelle olsen work with disabled forms of ebola virus to understand how the virus hijacks and infects cells. This video explains ebola including its prevention, symptoms, and treatment to download please click on: an.